in an earlier post, this assistance is justified by network effects: the larger the number of people a network reaches, the more valuable that network is to each user. Universal service also supports non-economic goals such as improved civic participation, enhanced economic opportunities, free speech, and public safety. As the telephone gives way to the Internet as the nation’s primary telecommunications network, Congress must consider options to narrow the digital divide and assist low-income consumers who cannot afford basic network access.
exclaimed, “this is George’s sanctuary. If Susan comes into contact with this world, his worlds collide!” As in George’s dystopian nightmare, the worlds of intellectual property, free speech, and national security collided on Monday in an important ruling issued by the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, which held that Google needn’t remove from its various platforms (primarily YouTube) the film “The Innocence of Muslims.” This ruling came despite the copyright and security claims of one of the film’s “performers.” While the court’s reasoning appears sound, we can expect even more complex conundrums in the future.